While I'm not going into detail on the Jacquard loom and its history, anyone interested in fabrics may want to read up on it a bit. The Jacquard loom was invented in the early 1800s and utilized punched cards to separate and raise the warp threads, i.e., "program" the loom, much like early computers were programmed via punch cards. So, the Jacquard loom was a forerunner of our modern computer!
Some of the more well-known, easily recognizable jacquard weaves are brocade, which has a pronounced raised pattern, often in different colors and sometimes with metallic threads, on a contrasting background; damask, a subtle weave--generally tone-on-tone or a color on a coordinating shade--in which differences in the luster of the threads delineate the pattern; and tapestry, a more complex weave in which weft threads are woven over the warp threads to create the design. Matelasse', popular but not seen as often, has a quilted effect. Dobby weaves are fashioned on specialized looms to produce repeating, small geometric patterns, such as the birds-eye weave.
Jacquards are exceedingly versatile: they're found in almost every fiber--from silk to cotton, rayon to polyester. And they're used for a multitude of everyday items, from damask tablecloths to jacquard dress fabrics to heavy upholstery material. And in accessories, we see handbags, neckties, and scarves in all types of jacquard weaves.
From Alley Cats Vintage, Fancy Gold and Black Brocade Two Piece Cocktail Party Outfit Vintage 1980s:
From CatseyeVintage, Vintage 80s Cerulean Blue Full Skirted Off the Shoulder VLV Cotton Sun Party Dress, Size XS to S:
From Vintage Baubles Too, Vintage 60s Schoolgirl Dolly Mod Pencil Skirt and Vest Set, Small:
From CatseyeVintage, Vintage 50s LORRIE DEB Designer Couture Blue and Green Floral Silk Jacquard Full Skirted Party Dress, Bust 36, Size S - M:
New this week at Vintage Baubles Too, this Vintage 50s/60s Mid Century Patterned Jacquard Neck Tie: